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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That reclamation is to reclaim land after abusive effects such as strip mining.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals
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The International Symposium "Karstology - XXI Century: theoretical and practical significance"

Dates: From 25 May, 2004 till 30 May, 2004
Location: Perm, Russia
The International Symposium "Karstology - XXI Century: Theoretical and Practical Significance" will be held in Perm (Russia) in the period of May 25 - 30, 2004. Perm is a quite suitable place for holding the Symposium due to particular structural-geological, hydrogeological and geomorphological features of the Fore-Ural region and wide development of many types of karst. Limestones, dolomites, gypsums, anhydrites and rock salts underlie the area of 30 thousand sq.m. This variety of karst phenomena has brought about a number of complex problems of land use and exploitation of deposits in the karstified areas but at the same time it has determined priority development of practical and theoretical aspects of Karstology. The formation of Karstology in Russia in general and of the Perm school in particular has always been linked with the name of Georgey Alekseevich Maximovich, Professor of the Perm State University, Doctor of Geo-mineralogical Sciences, Honorary Member of the Russian Geographic Society, A.F. Litke Prize Laureate, holder of the UIS Golden Medal, the Founder of the Karstology and Speleology Institute in Russia. The formation of a new interdisciplinary science of Karstology was the main devotion and achievement of the Maximovich's life. 29 of May 2004 would have been his Centenary. The forthcoming jubilee date is an additional reason for holding the Symposium in Perm. AIMS AND THEMES: The Symposium will make it possible to identify the role and significance of theoretical and applied Karstology in the XXI century, as well as to discuss its modern trends. Five sections will be organized in the Symposium's framework for the purpose of scientific discussions: 1. HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF KARSTOLOGY: 1.1 . Vistas for theoretical and practical Karstology 1.2 . Social aspects of Karstology. 2. KARST AND MINERAL RESOURCES: 2.1. Karst collectors of oil and gas; 2.2. Mineral deposits of karst depressions and cavities; 2.3. Mineragenesis of karst caves. 3. KARST HYDROGEOLOGY - THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS: 3.1. Hydrodynamic modeling of karst massifs and basins; 3.2. Hydrochemical modeling of karst massifs and basins; 3.3. Problems of water supply on the karstified territories; 3.4. Mineral water of karstified territories; 3.5. Protection of underground water of karst regions against pollution. 4. ENGINEERING GEOLOGY OF KARST: 4.1. Karstological monitoring: principles of organization and management; 4.2. Methods of investigations of karst on "closed" territories; 4.3. Evaluation of stability of karstified territories; 4.4. Anti-karst protection; 4.5. Man-induced activation of karst processes. 5. SPELEOGENESIS: 5.1. Theoretical principles of Speleogenesis; 5.2. Formation of caves and speleo-systems in different geological and hydrogeological conditions; 5.3. Practical significance of cave investigations. We also suggest that a separate session dedicated to the Centenary of Georgey Alekseevich Maximovich - one of the founders of the geological school of Karstology in Russia be held in the framework of the Symposium. OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF THE SYMPOSIUM: The official languages of the Symposium will be English and Russian. PLACE AND TIME: The Symposium will be held in Russia, Perm, from 25 - 30 May 2004. The work of its sections will be organized in the Center of Cultural and Business activities in Perm. Perm is located in the Middle Urals, on the Kama River bank, approximately 1500 km east of Moscow, close to the Europe and Asia border. Perm is a city of exceptional interest due to its picturesque landscapes as well as geological formations. In this region geological processes associations and their distribution are controlled by lithological complexes which correspond spatially to the elements of the global tectonic structure of the region (the eastern fringe of East-European platform, the Fore-Ural deep, the folded Ural zone). Natural karst and its man-induced modifications develop over the area of 30,000 km2 where carbonate, sulphate and salt formations crop out to the surface or occur at shallow depths. The karstified territories exhibit a wide spectrum of karst phenomena, karst caves including, among which Kungur Ice Cave is the most famous. Full members and accompanying persons of the Symposium will stay in the hotel complexes "The Ural" and "The Ural Diamond" located in the administrative and historic center of the city. PARTICIPATION AND REGISTRATION: The Symposium organizers invite any person interested in the Symposium themes. It is necessary to complete the Registration Form and mail it at the address of the Organizing Committee before 15 June 2003: Valery N. KATAEV, Organizing Committee, "Karstology - XXI century", Department of Geology, Perm State University, 15, Bukirev St., Perm, 614990, RUSSIA. The Registration Form can also be sent at the address of the Organizing Committee by E-mail: or The Second Circular will be sent to all persons who will have mailed the Registration Form to the address of the Organizing Committee before 15 February 2004. Tthe information of the Symposium is available on the Internet at: ABSTRACTS PRESENTATION: Abstracts should be sent at the address of the Organizing Committee together with the Registration Form before 15 February 2004. Abstracts sent later won't be accepted for publication in the Symposium proceedings. Abstracts not exceeding 300 words can be presented either in Russian or in English. Paper format is A-4. Margins on all sides of a page are 2,5 cm. Abstracts should be prepared "camera-ready" and sent at the address of the Organizing Committee. One printed copy should be sent by mail, as well as electronic copy on 3,5' diskette or by e-mail. Electronic versions by e-mail should be sent to or as an attached file, which we ask to name by the first author. The text should be saved as in Microsoft Word for Windows 6.0 or higher format. Font "Times New Roman" ("Times New Roman Cyr"), size 12, single-spaced, no returns. Text should be justified, indentation is 1,0 cm. Names of authors and organizations should be separated from the title of abstract and from the main text by one line gap. See sample abstract formatting at the Symposium website. EXCURSIONS: After Symposium a bus trip along salt, sulphate and carbonate karst of the Perm Fore-Ural will be offered to the Symposium participants. The trip is planned from May 31 to June 2. Not only most unique karst objects but also ancient towns of the West Ural (Solikamsk, Cherdyn and Kungur) characterized by their ancient architecture will be examined and seen during the excursion. The final excursion price will be given in Second Circular and it will be depend on the number of the excursion participants. Besides, the Symposium participants will be offered brief (from 2 to 8 hours) excursions such as "Theatrical Perm", "Belogorsky Monastery", "Museum of Perm Fore-Ural architecture and ethnography" and others. The Organizing Committee address: ORGANIZING COMMITTEE, "Karstology - XXI century", Department of Geology, Perm State University, 15, Bukirev St., Perm, 614990, RUSSIA. fax (3422) 134 967; tel. (3422) 396 506; (3422) 396 614. E-mail: or, Website:
31 Dec, 1969 - 31 Dec, 1969,
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