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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That sewage is domestic and municipal wastes [16].?

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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 2008, Vol 70, Issue 1, p. 25-34
Variable calcite deposition rates as proxy for paleo-precipitation determination as derived from speleothems in Central Florida, U.S.A.
Deposition rates derived from speleothems have been shown to be a useful paleoclimatic proxy. Past studies have shown that the most common climatic parameter measured by variable deposition rates is precipitation, where increased precipitation leads to increased calcite deposition. This was the premise of our study, where three Floridian stalagmites deposition rates were measured and compared to paleohydrologic indicators taken from the sample or from other regional records. Deposition rates were measured by determining the volume of calcite precipitated between TIMS U-series dates (mm3 yr21), thereby accounting for morphological changes on the stalagmite over its depositional history. Most prior research relied on a simple linear interpolation between known ages to calculate rate (mm yr21). Results show three distinct periods of increased deposition for our stalagmites centered on 2.0, 1.25 and 0.5 ka BP. A comparison with Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios and calcite deposition tentatively shows elevated elemental ratios during the three aforementioned periods. Elevated trace element ratios have been shown to be correlated with increased residence time of percolation waters in the overlying bedrock above caves and consequently decreased rainfall. To corroborate this finding, paleo-precipitation records from Little Salt Spring, Florida and Lake Miragoane, Haiti, were examined for coeval arid periods with our stalagmites. Both records do possess similar dry periods and provide added support that the region experienced periods of abrupt aridity over the last two millennia. The combined effect of a change in the mean position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and the easterly winds associated with the North Atlantic High appear to be the major causes for these times of aridity.