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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That interstitial water is water held in small wedge like interstices at grain contact [16].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers, 2000, p. 21-29
Views on cave Formation before 1900
Nearly all present-day explanations for the formation of caves in limestone had been suggested before 1900, and some had been developed in considerable detail. Speleogenesis by erosion and the role of carbon dioxide in the solution of cave passages were understood in the first half of the 19th century, and by the end of it there already existed schools of thought which supported solution by vadose water and by phreatic water. The most important names in all this are those of Catcott who in 1756 recognized that caves resulted from water action (though he did attribute the water to the biblical Flood), Lyell and Thirria who independently in 1830 appreciated the importance of carbon dioxide in enabling water to dissolve caves in limestone, Evans who understood in 1870 that some caves were formed by solution in groundwater, Martel who from 1890 emphasized the solutional activity of vadose water and made it well known among speleologists, Posepny who described the movement of groundwater and its speleogenetic effect in 1893, and Dupont who developed that idea. There were also some distinctly primitive explanations, mostly in earlier times, including the creation of cavities when beds were folded and mountains formed, erosion of rock by water before it had become hard, expansion in the soft rock of gases from decomposing animal bodies drowned in the Flood, and the solution of salt inclusions having the same shape as the resulting caves. These catastrophic theories were often inspired by the need to explain the formation of caves, as of all landforms, in the relatively short period since the creation of the world, which was commonly believed to have happened 4000 years BC.