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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 11 Jul, 2012
Hello everyone! I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc Also we have forum there. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That blind valley is 1. a karst valley abruptly terminated by the passage underground of the watercourse which has hitherto resisted the karst processes and remained at the surface. an intermediate type, the half-blind valley, exists in which the valley form continues downstream from the sinkhole used under conditions of normal river flow. the watercourse only flows here intermittently and the valley may (except for its use as a flood conduit) be fossil in that it represents the section abandoned by the river as it sought progressively higher swallow holes [19]. 2. a karst valley with no evident downstream continuation, and one in which the water drains and disappears underground into one or more ponors [20]. 3. a valley that terminates abruptly at a point where its stream sinks, or once sank, underground. as sinks develop higher up the blind valley, the original valley termination may be dry under most flow conditions [9]. related to marginal polje. synonyms: (french.) vallee aveugle; (german.) blindtal, (kesseltal); (greek.) kliste karstike kilas; (italian.) valle cieca, valle chiusa; (russian.) slepaja dolina; (spanish.) valle ciego; (turkish.) kor vadi; (yugoslavian.) slijepa dolina, sepa dolina. see also half-blind valley; marginal polje.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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Latest news:

Karst session at the 2014 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting
The 2014 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, will be held December 15-19, 2014, with a session on multiscale response of fissured/karst aquifers.
Karst hydrology position
The National Cave and Karst Research Institute is proud to be administered by the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMT). NMT is looking to hire an Assistant Professor with expertise in karst hydrology. If you are interested, please see the announcement below.
International Conference on Groundwater in Karst - website launched
The web site for the 2015 KG@B meeting is now up and running.
Free access to the "Cave & Karst Science" journal
Volumes of the journal "Cave & Karst Science" from 1974 to 2005 are now available as free downloads
Important discussion on the Ford’s Four-State Model
An announcement of a recently published blog post of Derek Ford that provides a thorough review of arguments pro and contra for the Four-State model of cave genesis in the dimensions of length and depth, and invites an informal discussion.

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Did you know?

That unterirdische karst is see interstratal karst.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Interpretation of hydrogeological functioning of a high karst plateau using the KARSYS approach: the case of Trnovsko-Banjška planota (Slovenia), Turk Janez, Malard Arnauld, Jeannin Pierre-Yves, Vouillamoz Jonathan, Masini Jean, Petrič Metka, Gabrovšek Franci, Ravbar Nataša, Slabe Tadej
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
RADON, CARBON DIOXIDE AND FAULT DISPLACEMENTS IN CENTRAL EUROPE RELATED TO THE TO HOKU EARTHQUAKE, Briestensky´, M.; Thinova, L.; Praksova, R.; Stemberk, J.; Rowberry, M. D.; Knejflova´, Z.
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Featured article from geoscience journal

Elsevier
Journal of Hydrology, 2010, Vol 389, Issue 3, p. 260-275
Effects of Karst and geological structure on groundwater flow: The case of Yarqon-Taninim Aquifer, Israel
Abstract:

This study demonstrates the significant influences of the geological structure (especially folding and lithology) and the karst system on groundwater flow regime. Folds divert groundwater flow from the general hydraulic gradient; marly layers sustain several perched sub-aquifers above the regional aquifer; and karstification increases the hydraulic conductivity by several orders of magnitude. These phenomena are quantitatively demonstrated within the Yarqon-Taninim (YT) basin, Israel, which is a complex groundwater system, combining several (extremely) opposite characteristics: humid and arid recharge zones, phreatic and confined parts, shallow and deep sub-aquifers, stratified and relatively-homogeneous sub-basins, saline and fresh water bodies, as well as stagnant and fast-flowing groundwater regions.

We have introduced a 3D geological-based grid for the basin (for the first time). It was implemented into a numerical code (FEFLOW), which was used thereafter to analyze quantitatively the flow regime, the groundwater mass balance, and the aquifer hydraulic properties. We present up to date conceptual understanding and numerical modeling of the YT flow field, especially at its mountainous parts.

Based on the calibration procedure and the sensitivity analyses, we obtained the best-fitted hydraulic conductivity values for the aquifer mesh. The general phenomenon observed is that as groundwater flow quantity increases, the hydraulic conductivity also increases. We interpret this result by the karstification mechanism (including paleo-karst). Thus, where groundwater flow-lines converge and where groundwater discharge amount increases, the karstification process intensifies and permeability increases. Consequently, at the mountainous region, along the syncline axes, where groundwater flow-lines converge, higher conductivities are found.

Modeling results also exhibit that at the lowland confined area, the geological structure does not play a major role in directing groundwater flow. Rather, the flow field is controlled by the well-developed karst system and the relatively homogenous carbonate section. It is hypothesizes that the extensive karstification took place at the Messinian Salinity Crises, 5.5 Ma, during which groundwater heads as well as sea level were lowered by several 100 m.