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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 11 Jul, 2012
Hello everyone! I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc Also we have forum there. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That native ground water is original ground water [16].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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Latest news:

Advances in Active Tectonics and Speleotectonics - a workshop
International workshop on Advances in Active Tectonics and Speleotectonics is being organized in Vienna in September 21 – 24, 2015
Deadline for "Karst Groundwater" at Birmingham is approaching soon
A reminder that 14th March is the deadline for submission of abstracts for the "Karst Groundwater at Birmingham" conference.
Hypogenic caves in the region of Murcia, Spain, Vol.I
First publication of three volumes devoted to hypogenic caves in the region of Murcia - Spain.
Summer School on Speleothem Science
The registration for the "Summer School on Speleothem Science" will be open from January 26th to April 3rd. The school will be held on 23-29 August 2015 in Oxford, UK, and is aimed at an international audience.
13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst
An announce of the 13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst to be held in the Czech Republic 16-19 September 2015

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Did you know?

That tracer-flow method is a method of determining flow velocities and directions by introducing tracers or indicators into ground water [16].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Caves in the Buda Mountains, Leél-Őssy, Szabolcs
A new method to quantify carbonate rock weathering, Dubois, Caroline; Deceuster, John; Kaufmann, Olivier; Rowberry, Matt D.
A review on natural and human-induced hazards and impacts in karst, Gutiérrez Francisco, Parise Mario, De Waele Jo, Jourde Hervé
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Featured article from geoscience journal

Elsevier
Journal of Hydrology, 2010, Vol 389, Issue 3, p. 260-275
Effects of Karst and geological structure on groundwater flow: The case of Yarqon-Taninim Aquifer, Israel
Abstract:

This study demonstrates the significant influences of the geological structure (especially folding and lithology) and the karst system on groundwater flow regime. Folds divert groundwater flow from the general hydraulic gradient; marly layers sustain several perched sub-aquifers above the regional aquifer; and karstification increases the hydraulic conductivity by several orders of magnitude. These phenomena are quantitatively demonstrated within the Yarqon-Taninim (YT) basin, Israel, which is a complex groundwater system, combining several (extremely) opposite characteristics: humid and arid recharge zones, phreatic and confined parts, shallow and deep sub-aquifers, stratified and relatively-homogeneous sub-basins, saline and fresh water bodies, as well as stagnant and fast-flowing groundwater regions.

We have introduced a 3D geological-based grid for the basin (for the first time). It was implemented into a numerical code (FEFLOW), which was used thereafter to analyze quantitatively the flow regime, the groundwater mass balance, and the aquifer hydraulic properties. We present up to date conceptual understanding and numerical modeling of the YT flow field, especially at its mountainous parts.

Based on the calibration procedure and the sensitivity analyses, we obtained the best-fitted hydraulic conductivity values for the aquifer mesh. The general phenomenon observed is that as groundwater flow quantity increases, the hydraulic conductivity also increases. We interpret this result by the karstification mechanism (including paleo-karst). Thus, where groundwater flow-lines converge and where groundwater discharge amount increases, the karstification process intensifies and permeability increases. Consequently, at the mountainous region, along the syncline axes, where groundwater flow-lines converge, higher conductivities are found.

Modeling results also exhibit that at the lowland confined area, the geological structure does not play a major role in directing groundwater flow. Rather, the flow field is controlled by the well-developed karst system and the relatively homogenous carbonate section. It is hypothesizes that the extensive karstification took place at the Messinian Salinity Crises, 5.5 Ma, during which groundwater heads as well as sea level were lowered by several 100 m.