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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 11 Jul, 2012
Hello everyone! I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc Also we have forum there. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That gravel is waterworn rounded rock grains and fragments [16].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Latest news:

Position of PhD researcher in Karst (Montpellier, France)
3D Modelling (geometry and connections) of carbonate massifs in structurally complex areas : An application to buried karst reservoirs of Languedoc (South France)
The USGS Karst Interest Group 2014 conference
The US Geological Survey’s (USGS) Karst Interest Group (KIG) will hold its next conference on 28 April through 2 May 2014 in Carlsbad, New Mexico, at the headquarters of the National Cave and Karst Research Institute (NCKRI).
International Conference on Groundwater in Karst
International Conference on Groundwater in Karst, with optional pre-and post-conference field trips, will be held in Birmingham, UK, between June 20-26, 2015.
Hypogene Cave Morphologies - Symposium Proceedings
A new electronic publication is available online from the Karst Waters Institute (Special Publication 18), consisting of selected papers and abstracts for the Hypogene Cave Morphologies symposium held February 2 - 7, 2014, on San Salvador Island, The Bahamas.
Registration is open: 6th International Workshop on Ice Caves
Registration for the 6th International Workshop on Ice Caves (IWIC-VI) is now open! The conference will be held in Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA, from 17-22 August 2014.

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Did you know?

That intake area, recharge area is the surface area in which water is absorbed into an aquifer eventually to reach the zone of saturation [10].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Interpretation of hydrogeological functioning of a high karst plateau using the KARSYS approach: the case of Trnovsko-Banjška planota (Slovenia), Turk Janez, Malard Arnauld, Jeannin Pierre-Yves, Vouillamoz Jonathan, Masini Jean, Petrič Metka, Gabrovšek Franci, Ravbar Nataša, Slabe Tadej
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
RADON, CARBON DIOXIDE AND FAULT DISPLACEMENTS IN CENTRAL EUROPE RELATED TO THE TO HOKU EARTHQUAKE, Briestensky´, M.; Thinova, L.; Praksova, R.; Stemberk, J.; Rowberry, M. D.; Knejflova´, Z.
Differences in karst processes between northern and southern China, Hao, Y.; Cao, B.; Zhang, P.; Wang, Q.; Li, Z.; Jim Yeh, T.-C.
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Featured article from geoscience journal

Willey-Blackwell
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2010, Vol 36, Issue 2, p. 143-157
On the formation of dissolution pipes in Quaternary coastal calcareous arenites in Mediterranean settings
Abstract:

A large number of uniform cone-shaped dissolution pipes has been observed and studied in Quaternary coastal calcareous arenites in Apulia and Sardinia (Italy) and Tunisia. These cylindrical tubes have a mean diameter of 52·8 cm and are up to 970 cm deep (mean depth for sediment-free pipes is 1·38 m). They generally have smooth walls along their length, are perfectly vertical and taper out towards their bottoms. Their development is not influenced by bedding nor fractures. Sometimes their walls are coated by a calcrete crust. Their morphology has been studied in detail and their relationships with the surrounding rocks and with the environment have been analysed. The perfectly vertical development is a clear evidence of their genesis controlled by gravity. The depth of the dissolution pipes can be described by an exponential distribution law (the Milanovic distribution), strongly suggesting they developed by a diffusion mechanism from the surface vertically downward. We believe dissolution pipes preferentially form in a covered karst setting. Local patches of soil and vegetation cause infiltration water to be enriched in carbon dioxide enhancing dissolution of carbonate cement and local small-scale subsidence. This process causes the formation of a depression cone that guides infiltrating waters towards these spots giving rise to the downward growth of gravity-controlled dissolution pipes. A change of climate from wetter phases to drier and hotter ones causes the formation of a calcrete lining, fossilizing the pipes. When the pipes become exposed to surface agents by erosion of the sediment cover or are laterally breached the loose quartz sand filling them may be transported elsewhere.