The 2014 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, will be held December 15-19, 2014, with a session on multiscale response of fissured/karst aquifers.
The National Cave and Karst Research Institute is proud to be administered by the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMT). NMT is looking to hire an Assistant Professor with expertise in karst hydrology. If you are interested, please see the announcement below.
The web site for the 2015 KG@B meeting is now up and running.
Volumes of the journal "Cave & Karst Science" from 1974 to 2005 are now available as free downloads
An announcement of a recently published blog post of Derek Ford that provides a thorough review of arguments pro and contra for the Four-State model of cave genesis in the dimensions of length and depth, and invites an informal discussion.
Did you know?
That drainage well is 1. a well installed to drain surface water, storm water, or treated waste water into underground strata . 2. a water well constructed to remove subsurface water or to reduce a hydrogeologic unit's potentiometric surface .?
Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms
Featured article from geoscience journal
A large number of uniform cone-shaped dissolution pipes has been observed and studied in Quaternary coastal calcareous arenites in Apulia and Sardinia (Italy) and Tunisia. These cylindrical tubes have a mean diameter of 52·8 cm and are up to 970 cm deep (mean depth for sediment-free pipes is 1·38 m). They generally have smooth walls along their length, are perfectly vertical and taper out towards their bottoms. Their development is not influenced by bedding nor fractures. Sometimes their walls are coated by a calcrete crust. Their morphology has been studied in detail and their relationships with the surrounding rocks and with the environment have been analysed. The perfectly vertical development is a clear evidence of their genesis controlled by gravity. The depth of the dissolution pipes can be described by an exponential distribution law (the Milanovic distribution), strongly suggesting they developed by a diffusion mechanism from the surface vertically downward. We believe dissolution pipes preferentially form in a covered karst setting. Local patches of soil and vegetation cause infiltration water to be enriched in carbon dioxide enhancing dissolution of carbonate cement and local small-scale subsidence. This process causes the formation of a depression cone that guides infiltrating waters towards these spots giving rise to the downward growth of gravity-controlled dissolution pipes. A change of climate from wetter phases to drier and hotter ones causes the formation of a calcrete lining, fossilizing the pipes. When the pipes become exposed to surface agents by erosion of the sediment cover or are laterally breached the loose quartz sand filling them may be transported elsewhere.