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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 11 Jul, 2012
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That stereo aerial photographs is aerial photographs shot in sequence over a landscape so that when adjoining photos are viewed at the proper interpupillary spacing, features may be seen in threedimensions.?

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Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

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Exploration Spotlight. This page presents the latest discoveries and achievements in the areas of Karst and Cave Research as well as Sport Caving. The underground world is last black spot on the map of the Earth and these are the latest news from there:

Close Krubera (Voronja) Cave: the first 2000m+ cave on Earth

Krubera Cave : the first 2000m+ cave on Earth

Ukrainian Speleological Association, “The Call of the Abyss” Project
Arabika Massif, Western Caucasus

Krubera / Voronja Cave, Arabika Massive Krubera / Voronja Cave, Arabika Massive"The Call of the Abyss" Project is a multi-year project aimed to the exploration and study of deep caves in the two outstanding limestone massifs: Aladaglar massif in the Eastern Taurus ( Turkey) and Arabika massif in the Western Caucasus (Abkhasia). The project is run by the Ukrainian Speleological Association, and involves institutions, individual cavers and karst scientists from Ukraine, Turkey, Britain, France, Spain, Moldova, Russia, Lithuania, Israel and other contries, with support of the Abhazian autorities. The main goal of the Project, officially adopted in 2000, was to discover, explore and study the first 2000m+ deep cave on Earth.  This goal has been achieved successfully in 2004, but the project contunues as the ultimate depth in caves under exploration is not reached yet.

Krubera Plan Krubera 3DIn 2004, the expeditions of the Project have been supported by the National Geographic Society, USA. The Leica Geosystems Company of Switzerland kindly sponsored laser distometers used for topographic surveys in the explored caves. Help with caving equipment had been provided by the Ukrainian "Traverse", "Atlantida", and "Megacom" companies and the Slovak "Meander" company. The official carrier of the project expeditions to Turkey was the "Motor-Sich" company  in 2004, and the "UkrFerry" company in 2002, 2003 and 2005. Their sponsorship and help is greatly acknowledged.

Arabika is an outstanding alpine karst massif in the Western Caucasus, were many deep cave explorations have been made since 1980, including Krubera-Voronja (-2196 m) and the nearby Arabikskaja system (Kujbyshevskaja-Genrikhova Bezdna; -1110 m) in the Ortobalagan Valley.

Other prominent caves in various sectors of the massif are Iljukhina system (-1240 m), Dzou Cave (-1080 m), Moskovskaja Cave (-970 m) and the Sarma Cave (-1830m). The hydrogeological potential of Arabika had been proven to be over 2300m by dye tracing tests conducted in 1984-85.

The exploration of the Krubera cave to -1710m by the Ukrainian Speleological Association had established a world depth record in the beginning of 2001. For the first time in the history of speleology, the deepest cave in the world has been explored outside of the Western Europe. The subsequent chronicle of explorations in Krubera follows below (in the reverse order).

Find more details about the Arabika Massif and the Krubera Cave:


See also:

Call of the Abyss by Alexander Klimchouk, National Geographic 2005


National Geograpic