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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 11 Jul, 2012
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That point source is any discernable, confined, or discrete conveyance from which pollutants are or may be discharged, including, but not limited to, any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft [22].?

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Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
Engineering challenges in Karst, Stevanović, Zoran; Milanović, Petar
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Geochemical and mineralogical fingerprints to distinguish the exploited ferruginous mineralisations of Grotta della Monaca (Calabria, Italy), Dimuccio, L.A.; Rodrigues, N.; Larocca, F.; Pratas, J.; Amado, A.M.; Batista de Carvalho, L.A.
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
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Exploration Spotlight. This page presents the latest discoveries and achievements in the areas of Karst and Cave Research as well as Sport Caving. The underground world is last black spot on the map of the Earth and these are the latest news from there:

Close Kuzgun Cave and its Context: the first super-deep cave in the Aladaglar Massif, Turkey

Karst Study and Cave Exploration Challenges in the Aladaglar High Mountains

Preliminary studies and reconnaissance observations in the Aladaglar massif, made before 2000, suggested that karst systems here had the complex multiphase evolution guided by neotectonic processes, paleo hydrothermal activity, erosional network development and glaciation-deglaciation history. Further inferences on the karst evolution and karst hydrology of the massif required a speleological outlook, but cave data on Aladaglar had been scarce.

In 1992-1993 the speleological club MAD (Magara Arastirma Dernegi) from Ankara explored several caves in the low-altitude (below 2000m) north-east outskirts of the massif, including Subatagi Cave (1700m a.s.l., depth 640m), the deepest cave in the area until recently. In 1992 French expedition (CRS Rhone-Alpes) made a reconnaissance trip across the high central part of the Aladaglar massif but it did not receive any continuation. The French cavers also explored Goksu cave resurgence located along Zamanti River at 650 m elevation (about 100m long upstream exploration in a high-flow passage to a siphon) and several caves at altitudes of about 1600m in the autochtonous limestones of the Divrik Mountain. There were some reconnaissance trips of Italian cavers to the area, but they also were not continued.

Cave explorations at the altitudes above the "deep caves and Alpine Karst optimum" range (approximately 1600-2600m), pose the known problems. These problems are chiefly related to the glacial scouring of karst surfaces during Pleistocene glaciations, resulting in destruction of functional relationships between a karst landscape and cave systems, and in plugging cave entrances by clastic materials. In the conventional Alpine karst altitudes, the modern (post-glacial) dissolution is intense enough to restore some of the landscape/caves relationships during the post-glacial time, and to partially clean out debris filling in the near-surface zone. At the altitudes above 2800m, contemporary periglacial conditions do not favour intense dissolution but do favour strong physical weathering and massive shatter production, which further contributes to the blockage of cave entrances. Open-mouthed shafts and pits, so numerous on conventional Alpine karst massifs, are rare in Aladaglar. But even if found, they are commonly blocked by massive snow-and-ice accumulations (e.g. Bayari et al., 2003).

So, it was obvious that realization of the enormous general potential of the Aladaglar massif for deep caves is a very challenging task that would require development and implementation of special search and exploration strategy and methods, as well as of specific cooperation formats.