The Geological Society of America (GSA) Convention this year will be held in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, on 1-4 November. A record nine karst sessions are offered this year, showcasing the diversity and importance of karst research.
The 2nd International Planetary Caves Conference will be held on 20-23 October 2015 at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
A new book about cave diving and the motivations to practice an engaged activity
The DeepKarst 2016 conference is focused on hypogenic karst, its theory, management, economic reservoirs, and more.
A new web site dedicated to hypogenic caves of Murcia
Did you know?
That cockpit is (jamaican.) 1. any closed depression having steep sides. 2. a star-shaped depression having a conical or a lightly concave floor. the surrounding hill slopes are steep and convex. cockpits are the common type of closed depressions in a kegelkarst .?
Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms
Republished from Gabrovšek, F. (Ed.). 2002. Evolution of karst: from prekarst to cessation. Postojna-Ljubljana, Zalozba ZRC, 155-190. Open link
One of the principal aims of hydrogeology is to propose a reasonably adequate reconstruction of the groundwater flow field, in space and in time, for a given aquifer. For example, interpretation of the chemical and isotopic composition of groundwater, understanding of the geothermal conditions (anomalies) or forecasting the possible effects of industrial waste disposals and of intensive exploitation nearly always would require the knowledge of the regional and/or local groundwater flow systems such as defined by Toth (1963). The problem of estimating the groundwater flow field in fractured and karstified aquifers is approached within the framework of a conceptual diagram showing the relationship between groundwater flow, hydraulic parameters (aquifer properties and boundary conditions), distribution of voids and geological factors.
Autoregulation between groundwater flow and karst aquifer properties, duality of karst, nested model of geological discontinuities, scale effect on hydraulic parameters and use of numerical finite element models to check the interpretation of the global response of karst springs are some of the subjects addressed by the author. Inferences on groundwater flow regime with respect to the stage of karst evolution can be made only if the hydraulic parameter fields and the boundary conditions are known by direct observations, or estimated by indirect methods for the different types of karst. Practical considerations on the monitoring strategies applied for karst aquifers, and on the interpretation of the global response obtained at karst springs will complete the paper, which throughout reflects the point of view of a hydrogeologist.