Many inspiring ideas on caves can be found in images created by children, generated by the International Contest of Kidâ€™s Drawing "Caves in the Eyes of our Children".
A call to submit an abstract to a session devoted to karst aquifers, which will be held in September in Montpellier during the 43rd IAH Congress
Acta Carsologica 44/3, the issue dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the journal, is now online.
The International Society for Subterranean Biology will fund five travel fellowships at 500 Euros each to support students and young scientists from outside the U.S. in order to attend and present their research results at the 2016 International Conference on Subterranean Biology (ICSB) in Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA.
Book about karst & caves of Croatia
Did you know?
That adaptation is an inherited structural, functional, or behavioral characteristic that improves an organism's chances for survival in a particular habitat . see also mutation.?
Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms
Republished from Gabrovšek, F. (Ed.). 2002. Evolution of karst: from prekarst to cessation. Postojna-Ljubljana, Zalozba ZRC, 155-190. Open link
One of the principal aims of hydrogeology is to propose a reasonably adequate reconstruction of the groundwater flow field, in space and in time, for a given aquifer. For example, interpretation of the chemical and isotopic composition of groundwater, understanding of the geothermal conditions (anomalies) or forecasting the possible effects of industrial waste disposals and of intensive exploitation nearly always would require the knowledge of the regional and/or local groundwater flow systems such as defined by Toth (1963). The problem of estimating the groundwater flow field in fractured and karstified aquifers is approached within the framework of a conceptual diagram showing the relationship between groundwater flow, hydraulic parameters (aquifer properties and boundary conditions), distribution of voids and geological factors.
Autoregulation between groundwater flow and karst aquifer properties, duality of karst, nested model of geological discontinuities, scale effect on hydraulic parameters and use of numerical finite element models to check the interpretation of the global response of karst springs are some of the subjects addressed by the author. Inferences on groundwater flow regime with respect to the stage of karst evolution can be made only if the hydraulic parameter fields and the boundary conditions are known by direct observations, or estimated by indirect methods for the different types of karst. Practical considerations on the monitoring strategies applied for karst aquifers, and on the interpretation of the global response obtained at karst springs will complete the paper, which throughout reflects the point of view of a hydrogeologist.