The celebration of the UIS 50th Anniversary will held with the 23rd International Karstological School in Postoina, Slovenia in June 2015
Springer-Verlag has recently published the book "Dynamic Tectonics and Karst" by Prof. Stefan Shanov and Assoc. Prof. Konstantin Kostov from the Geological Institute of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
An announcement of a graduate student (MSc) opportunity for karst work in Guam.
Two important reminders and one announcement for the 14th Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst (aka “The Sinkhole Conference”).
The Geological Society of America Council has approved the creation of the Karst Division at its annual meeting on Wednesday, October 22.
Did you know?
That ground water, phreatic water is 1. the part of the subsurface water that is in the phreatic zone . its lower limits are the zone of rock flowage or the lowest fully confining bed; its upper limits are the uppermost fully confining bed or the water table . 2. used loosely and incorrectly by some to refer to any water beneath the surface. see also phreas; phreatic water; phreatic zone.?
Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms
Featured article from geoscience journal
The Totes Gebirge is the largest karst massif in the Northern Calcareous Alps (NCA). This paper focuses on the eastern part, where two major multiphase alpine cave systems (Burgunderschacht Cave System and DÖF–Sonnenleiter Cave System) are described with respect to morphology, hydrology, and sediments. The caves consist of Upper Miocene galleries of (epi)phreatic genesis and younger vadose canyon-shaft systems. Morphometrical analyses were used to determine the relevance of (1) cave levels (horizontal accumulations of galleries), (2) slightly inclined palaeo water tables of speleogenetic phases, (3) initial fissures, and (4) inception horizons on the development of the cave systems. (Epi)phreatic cave conduits developed preferentially along vertical faults and along only a restricted number of bedding planes, which conforms to the inception horizon hypothesis. For at least one of the systems, a development under epiphreatic conditions is certain and a hydrological behaviour in the “filling overflow manner” is likely.
Observations in further major cave systems in the Totes Gebirge identify palaeo water tables of speleogenetic phases that show inclinations of 1.5° ± 1°. Analyses of cave levels reveal distinct peaks for each cave but it is hardly possible to correlate these elevation levels between caves of different parts of the karst massif. Therefore, we conclude that cave levels (strictly horizontal) indicate speleogenetic phases or palaeo water tables respectively, but they cannot be correlated with palaeo base levels or on regional scale. An exact correlation between cave development and palaeo base levels at the surface is only possible with inclined palaeo water tables of speleogenetic phases.
For the Totes Gebirge, the inclination directions of the speleogenetic phases imply that palaeo drainage was radial and recharge was autogenic, which is in contrast to observations from other plateaus in the NCA. Differences in fracture properties seem to be the reason for the development of divergent types, according to the Four State Model. A simplified model for cave genesis and surface development in this area since the Upper Miocene is presented.