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That tower karst, towerkarst, turmkarst is 1. a spectacular variety of karst landscape dominated by steep or vertical sided limestone towers each 30-300m high. by far the most extensive and best developed tower karst is the guangxi province of southern china. towers originate as residual cones and are then steepened by water table undercutting from surround alluviated plains. tectonic uplift matched by karst erosion then increases tower heights, but if uplift exceeds surface lowering the towers are raised to hillside locations and the landscape is rejuvenated to form a new generation of dolines and cone karst. many towers are riddled with relict caves at high levels, and with active caves through their bases . 2. karst topography characterized by isolated residual limestone hills displaying numerous shapes (e.g., cone shaped, steep-sided) separated by areas of alluvium or other detrital sand; towers are generally forest-covered hills, and many have flat tops. they may form as isolated hills or in groups. 3. a type of karst topography, common in the tropics, in which the residual hills rise in steep-sided but flat-topped mounds (resembling towers) from intervening depressions or dolinas (sinkholes) . synonyms: (french.) karst a tourelles, karst a tours; (german.) turmkarst, kegelkarst; (italian.) carsismo con forme residuali a torre; (spanish.) karst de torres; (turkish.) kuleli karst. see also cone karst; cupola karst; pinnacle karst; fengcong; fenglin.?
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The deepest cave in the world (Krubera Cave) became 6 m deeper
Depth of the deepest cave in the world, Krubera (Voronya) Cave in the Arabika Massif, Western Caucasus, became 6 m greater, as established in August 10th by a dive of the ukrainian caver Gennady Samokhin in the terminal sifon in the cave’s Main Branch.
The depth of the reference survey station near the water table of the terminal sifon is 2145 m. During the Ukrainian Speleological Association expedition in 2009, Gennady Samokhin reached depth of 46 m in the sifon, which established the world cave depth record at -2191 m. Now he has reached the point at six meters deeper than in the previous attempt, at the total depth of 2197 m.
The ongoing international expedition to Krubera Cave, with more than 50 members from 11 nations, is organized by the Ukrainian Speleological Association within the framework of the “Call of the Abyss” project, run since 2000. A team from Lithuania has played a particular role in supporting the recent dive at the Krubera bottom. Continuous rains during last week in the Arabika Massif caused high flow conditions in the cave, complicating working conditions in its deep parts.
According to brief reports by expedition members.
A new web site on hypogenic caves of Murcia (Spain)
Andrés Ros reports the launch of a new web site dedicated to hypogenic caves of Murcia (Spain) The site (in Spanish) contains the inventory of hypogenic caves of the region, online monographs, bibliography, and more. ...
Welcome to Karstology doctoral study
The Karstology doctoral study program is a world-wide unique program which provides a comprehensive study of karst science, combining the study of the karst landscape, karst caves, karst hydrogeology, biology and ecology of karst in one course of study It was designed for students who wish to gain deeper insight of this broadly integrated system of karst sciences. ...
Speleology of Georgia
I would like to inform you, that Speleological Society of Georgia was created in the country of Georgia By following a link below you can read interesting information about speleology of Georgia. ...
Karst Groundwater Conference at Birmingham 2015 - a program
The provisional programme for "Karst Groundwater at Birmingham 2015" is now available and can be dowloaded via this link The oral programme has been fully subscribed but there is still space for additional poster presentations. ...
Eurokarst 2016 conference
The first EuroKarst conference is announced to be held in Neuchatel, Switzerland from the 5th to the 9th of September 2016 This new conferences series is a merger of the Besançon-Neuchatel conferences (see e. ...