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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology


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Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That botryoid, botryoidal speleothem is 1. generally sub-spherical or globular calcium carbonate deposits ranging in size between tiny beads and masses up to 1 m across. botryoidal describes a form resembling a bunch of grapes [9]. 2. a grape-like deposit of calcium carbonate generally found on walls of caves [10]. synonyms: clusterite; grape formation. see coralloid speleothem.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms


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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals


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ENDINS/Endins, 2011, Issue 35, p. 133-146

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Morfologies de corrosio de la zona de mescla a les cavitats subaquatiques de la franja litoral del Llevant i Migjorn de Mallorca

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Abstract:

In Mallorca Island,  the genesis of caves and  solutional  morphologies that characterize the eogenetic endokarst of the littoral fringe attain particular  intensity within the Upper Miocene  carbonate rocks.  Dissolution processes occur preferentially  in the  mixing zone  between freshwater –of meteoric  origin– and  marine  waters, all along  the  coastal areas. The submerged passages and  chambers, existing  in the caves of Migjorn and  Llevant regions  of the island, show a high diversity of solutional  features that are  categorized into four groups  according to their dimensions, the forms they present and the genetic  processes involved. The resulting morphologies are conditioned by the existence of significant lithological differences, of textural character, within the Upper Miocene  calcarenites where  caves develop, due  to environmental variations  between the reef front facies  and  those  corresponding to lagoon  facies.  The difficul­ ties encountered when cataloguing and systematizing the primary morphologies should  be, so often, attributed  to the difficulty in ascribing solutional features to a certain typology, as there are juxtapositions of different classes, with inter­ mediate forms and different degrees of intensity in the process of dissolution.  At the same time, variations  in the size of solutional morphologies also increase their difficulty of classification. The inventory of forms has been structured into 4 different categories: megaforms (organization of the  cave  systems), macroforms (morphologies from hectometric to decametric order), mesoforms (morphologies from decametric to metric order) and microforms (morphologies from metric by centimetric  order). Some  of the morphologies can be found simultaneously in two different categories.

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Keywords: mallorca island, karst

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Link to the original publication

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