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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology

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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

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That head is the energy contained in a water mass, produced by elevation, pressure, or velocity [6].?

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Original article

Die Hoehle, 2006, Vol 57, Issue -3, p. 90-102
Das Gamslöcher-Kolowrat-Salzburgerschacht-System (1339/1)
Abstract:
Untersberg (subgroup 1339 in the Austrian Cave Register), south of the regional capital of Salzburg, is a cave-rich limestone massif in the border region between Salzburg and Bavaria. Beneath the highest peaks of the Salzburg region – the 'Geiereck' (1807 m) and the 'Salburger Hochthron' (1853 m) – lie the entrances to the cave system described here. The caves 'Kolowrathöhle' and 'Gamslöcher' belong to the earliest discovered caves in Untersberg. After an entrance to the 'Kolowrathöhle' was blasted through the steep crossing of the 'Nebel' rift, the caves experienced a rush of tourists and can therefore be described as the oldest show caves in the Salzburg region. In 1876 a steep path, the 'Dopplersteig', was struck through the rock wall known as the 'Dopplerwand', allowing easier access to the 'Gamslöcher', which are visible from far away. It has been told that a large repository of cave-bear bones was found in the 'Gamslöcher'; a repository that stretched into the 'Kolowrathöhle'. The 'Salzburgerschacht', was explored in 1935 by Gustave Abel and his companions with rope ladders to a depth of 170 m. At the time it was known as the deepest vertical cave in the Salzburg region. In the middle of 1970, an international expedition (Belgians, Germans, Poles and local Austrians) successfully explored the 'Salzburgerschacht' to a depth of 606 m. Further exploration of the 'Gamslöcher' took place in 1979. In the same year, explorers found a path joining the 'Kolowrathöhle' with the 'Gamslöcher'. Between 1979 and 1992, the Gamslöcher-Kolowrat System was explored and surveyed to a length of 17,524 m. In 2004, a young group of cavers following G. Zagler found the long-awaited connection between the Gamslöcher-Kolowrat system and the 'Salzburgerschacht'. The total length of the Gamslöcher-Kolowrat-Salzburgerschacht-System is now known to be 25,244 m and its vertical difference grew to 790 m.