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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology


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Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That breathing cave is air movement through a cave is described as breathing when it reverses more frequently than the seasonal reversal of a through-draught in a cave with higher and lower entrances. slow breathing occurs in response to barometric pressure changes, when the volume of cave air is forced to change. it is notoriously strong in large caves of the australian nullarbor plain. more rapid wind reversals or oscillations, as in breathing cave, virginia, are a resonance phenomenon, similar to the effect produced by air passing over the neck of a bottle. in the cave environment the resonant frequency is relatively low and periodic air flow reversals occur, rather than the sound waves observed at the higher frequencies met in the bottle neck example [9].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms


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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals


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Karstologia, 1999, Issue 34, p. 45-51

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L’adoption du terme de “karst” en France, approche historique d’un processus lexical décisif

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Abstract:
During the symposium ALCADI 96 in Postojna, professor Yvan GAMS appealed to all the participants to study the way in which the notion of "Karst" had been introduced into respective countries and adopted by speleologists and geographers. In France, the specific phenomenons of the eponymic Karst, as the Zirknitz Lake (Cerknisko Jezero), have been known about and described since the end of the 16th century. But it required a big step to go from these descriptions to an understanding that the Karst might be a model capable of explaining the hydrology and morphology of such regions. In the early 19th century, naturalists and geologists began to recognise the particularities of the hydrography in limestone regions, and went as far as to propose the Jura or the Causses as models. In 1879, probably for the first lime, Marius Bouvier, a French civil engineer, used Karst as a pattern to explain and describe the impluvium of the famous Vaucluse spring (Provence). It is known that E.-A. Martel disliked this word of "karst" and argued strongly in favour of "causse"; but despite this, Cvijic was generally considered most representative, and Karst was quickly adopted for all the scientific french works.

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Keywords: karst, lexicology, history of sciences, france

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