MWH Global

Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology

Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That natural arch is 1. a residual portion of the roof of a subsurface karst cavity which has not collapsed. such a natural arch may occur as a surface topographic feature, or as a part of a cave system [20]. 2. a rock arch or very short natural tunnel; contrasted with natural bridge, which spans a ravine or valley [10]. synonyms: (french.) arche naturelle; (german.) naturlisches gewolbe, naturbrucke, felsfenster, felsbrucke; (greek.) physike apsitha; (italian.) arco naturale; (russian.) estestvennaya arka; (spanish.) arco natural; (turkish.) dogal kemer; (yugoslavian.) prirodni svod, luk, naravni obok. see also natural bridge.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

What is Karstbase?



Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Karstologia, 2006, Vol 48, p. 33-50
La grotte de Saint-Marcel (Ardèche) : un référentiel pour l’évolution des endokarsts méditerranéens depuis 6 Ma
Saint Marcel Cave: an important site for the evolution of the mediterranean endokarst in the last 6 million years - The plateau of Saint-Remèze is a mesozoic carbonate platform located close to the Rhône valley. This carbonate platform is intensely karstified, as proven by Saint-Marcel Cave, which is 53 km long. It displays several horizontal levels. The upper and middle levels are dry most of the time. They are composed of large horizontal conduits extending over several kilometers. The lowermost third level is active and partly drowned. Scuba divers have reached a depth of 65 m below the Ardèche. The horizontal levels are not controlled by geological structure. Consequently, the distribution of the horizontal levels depends only on the base level which constrains the whole organisation of the Ardèche karst. Around the Ardèche Canyon and the Rhône Valley, the identification of the marks made by the messinian salinity crisis allows to reconstruct the evolution of the local base level. This reconstruction allowed us to study the Saint-Marcel Cave in a geodynamical and chronological frame over the last six million years. The morphological investigations in the cave, combined with the study of the base level change, have shown three main stages of speleogenesis and two main types of water flow. Following entrenchment of the deep messinian canyons during the salinity crisis, cave levels developed according to the very deep base level of that time. At the end of the crisis, at 5.35 Ma, the Pliocene transgression caused a sudden rise of the base level. The messinian valleys as well as the karst outflows were flooded. This hydraulic change produced a per ascensum genesis of some shafts that are called chimney-shafts. This per ascensum genesis of chimney-shafts repeated itself at each stage of the Pliocene base level rise. During the Pliocene (5.32 to 2 Ma), the infilling of the messinian canyons by fluvial sediments shows that the Ardèche river had several long stages of base level stability, allowing the development of new cave levels. The karst system was fed by both local recharge from the Saint-Remèze Plateau and large underground shortcuts through the Ardèche river meanders. The detailed study of the main levels in Saint-Marcel Cave reveals the existence of intermediate stages in the evolution of the base level, allowing us to refine its knowledge.