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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology

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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That drawdown curve is a plot of drawdown with radial distance from a well [16].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

What is Karstbase?



Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Applied Soil Ecology, 2005, Vol 29, Issue 3, p. 274-281
Effects of microbes and their carbonic anhydrase on Ca2 and Mg2 migration in column-built leached soil-limestone karst systems
In natural karst systems, limestone diagenesis can be significantly influenced by bacterial activity in the soil horizon. Here, we investigate the effects of microorganisms on the elements migration of calcium and magnesium in karst soil systems by using different microbial treatments in simulated soil-limestone systems. Two bacterial strains, GLRT102Ca and JFSRT303 were specially studied. The leaching and release of Ca2 in the experiments was characterized by a rapid initial increase followed by a sharp decrease before a gradual approach to equilibrium. In contrast, the Mg2 concentrations in the leachates showed an initial decrease before a gradual approach to equilibrium. Microorganisms significantly promoted Ca2 and Mg2 migration in the simulated systems. The total amounts of Ca2 and Mg2 in leachates varied with microbial treatments. The soil GLRT102Ca columns showed the highest total amount of Ca2 in leachates. This increased by a factor of 2.2 relative to the control columns. The highest total amount of Mg2 in leachates was presented in the soil JFSRT303 columns, which leached 58.0% more total amounts of Mg2 than the control columns. The activities of a microbial specific enzyme, carbonic anhydrase (CA), present in the investigated columns were also examined. Varying levels of CA activities were detected in the leachates collected from soil columns with microbial activity. This suggests that the microbes in soil columns produced and released CA. The mean activity of CA in leachates was significantly correlated with total amount of Ca2 in leachates (r = 0.86, P < 0.01). This implied that microbially produced CA might be a major factor influencing Ca2 release and leaching in natural karst systems. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved