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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology

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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That exoskeleton is an external skeleton. the hard body covering or shell of most invertebrate animals, including insects, crayfish, and millipedes [23].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
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UISK, Simferopol
Speleology and Karstology, 2010, Issue 4, p. 23-32
Evolutionary typology of karst

The paper reveals the hydrogeological essence of karst, provides its definition, substantiates the evolutionary approach to karst typology and offers a respective classification. The evolutional typology of is based on consideration of geological evolution of a body of karstified rocks (unit, formation) and evolution of a groundwater circulation system. It reflects such basic  regularities of geological evolution as directed development and cyclicity. Different stages of post-sedimentary transformation of rocks and of the development of a geohydrodynamic systems are characterized by certain steady combinations of lithologic and structural pre-requisites for groundwater flow and speleogenesis, the mode of groundwater flow, recharge and discharge conditions, thermobaric and geohydrochemical conditions. Such combinations result in formation of karst systems with certain characteristic properties – i.e. types of karst. The directed development – results in regular changes of karst types. Changes of one type of karst into another is conditioned by the processes of tectonic and geomorphological evolution, which determine change of border conditions for groundwater flow and speleogenesis.

Within the framework of the proposed classification, the types of karst correspond to the successive stages of its evolution, between which boundary conditions of groundwater flow and speleogenesis, external factors and internal mechanisms of karstification (speleogenesis) differ considerably and in a regular manner.  The evolutional types of karst integrally characterize the most substantial properties of karst systems (structure of secondary porosity and permeability, degree and character of karst manifestation in surface relief, hydrogeologic features, potential for collapse and subsidence hazard, etc.), speleogenetic environments and dominant mechanisms, as well as potential of inheritance of porosity and permeability structures from the previous stages of development. This allows using this classification for resolving of broad range of scientific and practical problems, related to karst.