MWH Global

Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 5
Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That saline water is water that generally is considered unsuitable for human consumption or for irrigation because of its high content of dissolved solids. generally expressed as milligrams per liter (mg/l) of dissolved solids, with 35,000 mg/l defined as sea water, slightly saline is 1,000-3,000 mg/l, moderately saline is 3,000-10,000 mg/l, very saline is 10,000-35,000 mg/l, and brine has more than 35,000 mg/l [22].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 7
What is Karstbase?



Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943
Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943
Investigation of Morphology – Hydrogeology Relations in Harmanköy – Beyyayla (Bilecik, Turkey) Karst System, PhD thesis

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943

Harmanköy – Beyyayla Karst System (HBKS) forms the highlands in the Central Sakarya Basin. HBKS which is made of Jurassic Bilecik limestone is located within the province boundaries of Bilecik and Eskişehir and extends over a surface area of 49.5 km2. In this study, the HBKS whose boundary conditions are well defined was investigated in terms of morphology – hydrogeology relationships. Within this context, hydrogeological conceptual model of the study area was developed based on the physical parameters such as geology, tectonic, morphology and dynamic properties such as precipitation regime, infiltration, recharge, flow and storage.
Upon the evaluation of morphological, hydrologic, hydrogeological and hydrodynamic properties, it was concluded that HBKS consists of three distinct subsystems, namely the Beyyayla, Döşkaya and Nardın subsystems. It was further determined that Beyyayla and Döşkaya subsystems are similar by the properties mentioned above, while the Nardın subsystem differs from these two subsystems.
Recharge in HBSK occurs in two different forms; allogenic-point and autogenic-diffuse. Surface waters which are drained from Paleozoic age granites located in Beyyayla and Döşkaya subsystems’ recharge these systems as allogenic-point from Beyyayla and Tozman sinkholes. On the other hand, precipitation which falls on the limestone rock-mass supplies the autogenic diffuse recharge to the systems. Recharge to the Nardın subsystem on the other hand, is autogenic diffuse from direct precipitation on to the limestone area. The Qmax/Qmin ratio and the variation coefficient (CV) of chemical compositions of the springs which drain these subsystems, imply that concentrated flow is dominant in all these three systems. In addition, trace experiments carried out in Beyyayla and Döşkaya subsystems suggest that the flow is turbulent and rapid within the well-developed karstic channels. Advective-dispersive transport is controlling the solute transport in the system.
It was speculated that the energy gradient is more important than tectonic, lithologic characteristics and climatic changes in karst evolution Beyyayla and Döşkaya subsystems. Lowering of erosion base caused exposure of granites which consequently supplied the allogenic-point recharge to these subsystems. This was resulted in distinct morphologic, hydrologic and hydrodynamic properties of the subsystem.
Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet EKMEKÇİ, Hacettepe University, Department of Geological Engineering, Hydrogeological Engineering Division

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943
Keywords: bilecik, turkey, harmankö, y – beyyayla karst system, morphology, hydrogeology

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943

Deprecated: Function get_magic_quotes_gpc() is deprecated in /home/isthin5/public_html/addon-domains/ on line 943