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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology


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Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That diffuse circulation; diffuse flow is circulation of ground water in karst aquifers (or other aquifers) under conditions in which all, or almost all, openings (primary and secondary) in the karstified rock intercommunicate and are full of water but have not been selectively enlarged in specific zones by dissolution, and so thus no concentration of ground water occurs in restricted conduits [9, 21]. the ground-water flow is generally slowmoving, may be laminar, and have a uniform discharge and slow response to storms. it is being replaced by the term, slow flow, because significant confusion regarding its usage especially when thought of as in terms of porous-media flow. synonyms: (french.) circulation diffuse; (german.) diffuse grundwa.erbewegung; (greek.) thiacheomenon ydhor; (italian.) circolazione carsica diffusa; (spanish.) circulacion saturada difusa; (turkish.) yaygn dolasim; (yugoslavian.) difuzno tecenje.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms


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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

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Your search for loss (Keyword) returned 169 results for the whole karstbase:
Showing 1 to 15 of 169
A Glossary of Speleology, 1944,
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Muma Martin H. , Muma Katherine E.

Cave Animals and Their Environment, 1962,
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Richards, Aola M.

Caves can be divided into three distinct regions - the twilight zone, the transitional zone and the troglic zone. The main physical characters of caves - light, air currents, temperature and humidity - are discussed in relation to their effect on cave fauna. Various classifications of cave animals are mentioned, and those of Schiner and Jeannel discussed in detail. The paucity of food in caves, and its effect on the animal population is considered. Mention is made of the loss of secondary sexual characters and seasonal periodicity of breeding among true troglobites. Cave animals have undergone many adaptations to their environment, the most interesting of these being blindness and loss of pigment. Hyper-development of tactile, gustatory, olfactory and auditory organs and general slenderness of body, are correlated with eye degeneration. Several theories on the origin of cave fauna are discussed, and the importance of isolation on the development of cave fauna considered.


Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Sektion ''Ausseerland'' des Landesvereines für Höhlenkunde in Steiermark., 1964,
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Auer, A.
[Klammkogeleish. (1824/80), Schoberwiesbärenh. (1624/81), Elmgrubenschacht (1627/12), Arzbergschacht (1621/9), Nixlucke (1566/1), Schneeschrägschacht (1611/23), Salzofenhöhle (1624/31), Brettsteinhöhle (1625/33), Almberg- Eis- u. Tropfsteinhöhle (1624/18)]

Höhlenforscher in einer Wasserhöhle der Schwäbischen Alb eingeschlossen., 1964,
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Binder, H.
[Deutschland, Falkensteinerhöhle bei Urach]

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Sektion Sierning des Landesvereines für Höhlenkunde in Oberösterreich., 1964,
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Knoll, R.
[Rettenbachhöhle (1651/1), Eislueg (1625/28), Windlich (1871/1), Gamssulzenhöhle (1637/3)]

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Salzburg., 1964,
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Repis, W.
[Höhlenliste]

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Forschergruppe Eisenerz des Landesvereins für Höhlenkunde in Steiermark., 1964,
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Resch, H.
[Langstein, Böse-Mauer-Schacht (1742/12)]

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Wien und Niederösterreich., 1964,
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Trimmel, H.
[Fledermäuse, Hochkarschacht (1814/5), Kanzelhöhle (1834/18), Bammergrubhöhle (1838/5), Steinmauernhöhle (1838/6), Loicher Wasserhöhle (1837/18), Speläologisches Fachwörterbuch, Kammschacht (1867/5), Dachstein-Mammuthöhle (1547/9)]

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Oberösterreich., 1964,
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Trotzl, K.
[Raucherkarhöhle (1626/55), Hochlecken-Großhöhle (1567/29), Hirlatzhöhle (1546/7),]

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine. Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Steiermark., 1964,
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Weissensteiner V. , Ehrenreich H.
[Kugelstein, Peggauer Wand, Tonionschacht (=Fledermausschacht 1762/1), Langstein-Frauenmauer,]

Observations on the evolution of caves., 1964,
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Cavaille Albert
In this note, which results from a paper published in France, the author defines the "karst system" formed by several successive levels, at the heart of a limestone mass: joints of surface feeding, vertical chimneys, galleries which are alternatively dry and full of water according to the season, a network of continually drowned clefts. He then studies modifications in this system resulting from internal causes, corrosion, filling and sedimentation, concretion. Then he shows how this evolution of the karst system may be modified by general conditions: geology, tectonics, geography with the losses, resurgences and the role of surface formations. The deepening of the river level may create a structure of differing levels in the various karst system, but their positioning is always slower than the streams erosion and it comes about later. In any case, the caves in a dried karst system undergo an evolution on their own. Finally, the author gives the definition of the terms used to explain the evolution in the karst system: "embryonic galleries" in the network of clefts, "young galleries" in the zone which is alternately wet and dry, "mature galleries" where the concretion and the erosion are balanced, "old galleries" where the concretion is becoming more and more important, "dead galleries" where the cave is completely filled by the deposits and concretions. This classification will easily replace the inexact terms of "active galleries" and "fossilized galleries" which are too vague and lead to confusion.

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Wien und Niederösterreich, 1964,
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Trimmel, H.

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Oberösterreich, 1964,
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Trotzl, K.

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine Sektion Sierning des Landesvereines für Höhlenkunde in Oberösterreich, 1964,
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Knoll, R.

Tätigkeitsbericht 1963 der dem Verband österreichischer Höhlenforscher angeschlossenen Vereine Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in Salzburg, 1964,
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Repis, W.

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