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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That confined is a modifier which describes a condition in which the potentiometric surface is above the top of the aquifer [22]. synonymous with artesian.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
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Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
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Your search for sarawak (Keyword) returned 33 results for the whole karstbase:
Showing 16 to 30 of 33
Invertebrates in Niah Great Cave, Batu Niah National Park, Sarawak, 1984, Chapman P.

Les grands volumes souterrains du massif de Mulu (Borno, Sarawak, Malaisie), 1993, Gilli, E.
In Mars 1993, during a two-week stay we collected information on the huge caves of Mulu National Park. A photograph of the Sarawak chamber, the largest underground chamber in the world, shows the features of this incredible volume. The Deer cave, the widest gallery in the world, was also studied. The two caves are in the same geological surroundings. Their huge size may be explained by the presence of recrystallized limestones in a folded structure. Like most other underground large caves known in the world, the Mulu ones lie at the base of the limestone beneath the impervious substratum.

The pinnacle karst of Gunung Api, Mulu, Sarawak, 1995, Waltham A. C.

Long-term Quaternary uplift rates inferred from limestone caves in Sarawak, Malaysia., 1995, Farrant A. R. , Smart P. L. , Whitaker F. F. , Tarling D. H.

Thesis Abstract: The microbial biomass of forest soils and cave sediment in Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia, 1998, Burgess S.

Malaysian Cave Bibliography, 1998, Price, Liz
This bibliography covers the whole of Malaysia, i.e. Peninsula, Sabah and Sarawak, and contains more than 1800 references to Malaysian caves and karst, dating from the 1700?s to 1997. The references are collected from worldwide sources. In addition there is an extensive newspaper biblio covering 1968 ? 1997. Other pages provide an introduction to Malaysian caves and history, and there is a map, glossary and illustrations. It is an invaluable reference work for anyone interested in limestone caves and karst, archaeology, conservation, flora and fauna, geomorphology, geology, hydrology, history etc, as well as for the sporting caver who wants to learn more about Malaysian caves.

Symposium Abstract: Stratigraphy of Niah Cave, Sarawak - A very preliminary account, 2001, Hunt C. O. , Rushworth G. , Gilbertson D. D. , Mclaren S.

Mulu, Sarawak, 2004, Waltham T.

Large collapse chambers within caves, 2006, Eavis Andy
In the karsts of China and Mulu (Sarawak) large chambers and tiankengs are associated with much smaller cave passages. They have developed mainly on fracture zones, some within the phreas, where rock collapse is not associated only with vadose drainage.

Large collapse chambers within caves, 2006, Eavis, Andy

In the karsts of China and Mulu (Sarawak) large chambers and tiankengs are associated with much smaller cave passages. They have developed mainly on fracture zones, some within the phreas, where rock collapse is not associated only with vadose drainage.


Large collapse chambers within caves, 2006, Eavis Andy
In the karsts of China and Mulu (Sarawak) large chambers and tiankengs are associated with much smaller cave passages. They have developed mainly on fracture zones, some within the phreas, where rock collapse is not associated only with vadose drainage.

The caves of Mulu, Sarawak: their exploration and geomorphology, 2007, Farrant, Andy, Matt Kirby And Pete Smart.
Thirty years of underground exploration in Mulu has been led by successive teams of predominantly British and American cavers with the very active involvement of many local cavers. More than 325km of cave passages have now been mapped, and this figure continues to rise with major discoveries on every new expedition. With most passages being of large dimensions, Mulu is one of the most cavernous karsts in the world. Cave development was primarily in a succession of strike-orientated conduits whose passage walls are scored by deep notches that relate to aggrading gravel fans of the Melinau and Melinau Paku Rivers. Dating of the caves has allowed estimation of tectonic uplift rates, while isotope studies have revealed valuable palaeoclimate data.

A note on the occurrence of a crayback stalagmite at Niah Caves, Borneo, 2011, Lundberg J. , Mcfarlane D. A.

Crayback stalagmites have mainly been reported from New South Wales, Australia. Here we document a small crayback in the entrance of Painted Cave (Kain Hitam), part of the Niah Caves complex in Sarawak, Borneo. Measuring some 65 cm in length and 18 cm in height, this deposit is elongate in the direction of the dominant wind and thus oriented towards the natural tunnel entrance. It shows the classic humpbacked long profile, made up of small transverse segments or plates, in this case the tail extending towards the entrance. The dark blue-green colour down the centre suggests that cyanobacterial growth follows the track of the wind-deflected roof drip. The dry silty cave sediment provides material for accretion onto the biological mat. This is the only example known from Borneo and one of the very few known from outside of Australia.


Mulu Caves, Malaysia, 2012, Waltham Tony, Despain Joel

The limestone mountains of the Gunung Mulu National Park and the adjacent Gunung Buda National Park, in Sarawak on Borneo, contain over 400 km of cave passages mapped by a series of British and American expeditions. Many of these caves, both the active river passages and the abandoned high-levels, are very large and they include the world's largest cave passage and the world's largest cave chamber. Sediment dating has demonstrated that the caves’ major trunk passages evolved as a sequence over more than two million years in response to falling base levels as land surfaces were lowering adjacent to the limestone mountains.


Occurrence and morphology of crayback-like stalagmites in the Painted Cave of Niah (Sarawak, Malaysia), 2012, Dodgewan Dominique, Deng Angela Hui Min, Abbas Mohammad Fadhil

The Painted Cave is a subhorizontal relict tunnel passage which runs through a small karst tower, approximately 30m above the surrounding alluvial plain and adjacent to other large karst towers in Niah National Park (Sarawak, Malaysia). Lundberg and McFarlane (2011) described the occurrence, morphology and mode of formation of a crayback stalagmite close to the north entrance of the cave. The presence of numerous other crayback-like stalagmites in three zones of the same cave is reported here. Their elongated humped-back morphology indicates formation influenced by cave wind. The axial orientations of the crayback-like stalagmites are similar in each of the three cave zones, but differ between the zones. Many of the stalagmite features resemble those of crayback stalagmites, suggesting that cyanobacteria may also have played a role in their formation. The Painted Cave has large entrances at both ends. The natural light levels within the cave are sufficient for cyanobacterial growth and cave wind is noticeable. A suite of stalagmite morphologies ranging from forms that are wind influenced but abiotic, to forms that are also moderately to strongly influenced by cyanobacteria is suggested.


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